Arctic Yearbook 2014 - Page 189

189 Arctic Yearbook 2014 in southern communities while children are in school, while men tend to pursue more mobile traditional economic activities. In other areas, men out-migrate to earn incomes to supplement or replace traditional sources of home support. Some researchers have concluded that indigenous women are ‘dominating the realm of education in most of the Arctic’ (Johansson & Stenersen Hovdenak 2004: 179-80). Integrating educational gains with community objectives is an important developmental linkage, but treating women’s educational attainment as a problem without examining whether education is undertaken to support traditional communities or replace lost sources of support appears to be uncritical. The fact that preferences for male labour in resource industries have broken some links between women’s paid and men’s traditional employments, and thus have placed pressure on women to adapt through education, is not similarly problematized (Williamson et al. 2004). Labour Market Conditions Women’s involvement in paid work has been found to promote gender equality in monetized productive relations for two basic reasons: being involved in paid work actually changes how women think about m Z