Arctic Yearbook 2014
these different schools will follow goals and objectives set within the social and historical context of
where they live, as well as the economic and cultural specifics of their times.
A proportion of students will continue past primary school through secondary school graduation,
and, in some cases, even beyond to technical colleges and post-secondary institutions. In parallel to
the official education system, in particular for indigenous peoples, traditional learning also
progresses through stages of education in both culture and language. In many jurisdictions where
indigenous peoples form the majority, the formal content of education, the curriculum and language
of instruction, and perhaps even the textbooks and other educational supports are based on their
language and culture. Where indigenous peoples are in the minority, they are all too often
marginalized (AHDR I).
Another important element for the Arctic is the concept of the digital divide that was used to
describe the East-West situation of the North. It includes th H[X