AQUA BOOK 2014 II - Page 11

Coastal Bend Trends in Occupations, 2014 What are the popular occupations in the Coastal Bend? The accompanying bar chart lists a number of occupa­ tions with a relatively high location quotient (over 1.35) as well as those occupations with a relatively low location quotient (less than 0.65). A high location quotient means that the occupation is exceptionally popular in the region relative to the rest of the nation. The following occupations have a location quotient over 2: extraction workers, fishing and hunting workers, plant operators, water transportation workers, supervisors of construction and extraction, personal care workers, and construction helpers. This means that those occupations are at least twice as popular in the Coastal Bend as elsewhere in the nation. Those occupations are also closely related to the industries with a relatively strong regional presence: oil and gas, construction, and health care. On the contrary, the region has relatively fewer printing workers, religious workers, assemblers and woodworkers in comparison with the nation. Source: EMSI Analyst Online DIVERSITY AND SP ECI ALIZ ATI ON Trends in Occupations With the exception of fishing and hunting workers, the patterns of location quotients tend to be closely associated with the historical growth trends of the occupations, as shown in the bar chart. This means that those occupations that are overrepresented in the Coastal Bend also tend to have experienced strong growth in regional employment. The number of oil and gas extraction workers, who have the highest location quotient of 15.6, more than doubled between 2001 and 2014. On the bottom of the spectrum, the number of woodworkers, who have the lowest location quotient of 0.2, reduced 40 percent during that same period. Diversity Rankings How does the extent of economic diversity in our local communities stack up with communities in other regions? The accompanying column chart lists the individual rankings of the 12 Coastal Bend counties among all counties in the U.S., according to the Regional Economic Applications Laboratory at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Economic diversity is measured alternatively by employment across different industries and across occupations. Overall, the patterns of industry and occupation diversity across counties ar