AL'JIHAD : MESSENGERS (Angels & Devil) IN THE SKY (Captured Picture) AL'JIHAD Seventh Edition - Coker College copy - Page 704

portion of the hostile environment claim that falls outside the period for filing a timely charge. d. § 10:28 Proof of underlying Discrimination claim or activity: A retaliation plaintiff must show that he or she engaged in either oppositional or participatory actions (Fed. R. Civ. P. of Emp P § 10:9). However, to establish a prima facie case of retaliation, a plaintiff is not required to prove the validity of either the underlying discrimination claim or the employer’s alleged unlawful activities under Title VII, or under 42 U.S.C.A. § 1981. 3. (Fed. R. Civ. P. of Emp P § 10:29 What are adverse actions: Once an employee’s protected activity has been established, the employee then must show that he or she was subjected to some adverse treatment by the employer (Fed L §§8:22 to 8:28) in order to establish a prima facie case of retaliation. Determining whether an employment action is adverse for purposes of Title VII is a matter of federal, not state, law. 5. Federal Laws Prohibiting Discriminatory Practices: Job Discrimination Questions And Answers: II. What Discriminatory Practices Are Prohibited by These Laws? Under Title VII, the ADA, and the ADEA, it is illegal to discriminate in any aspect of employment, including:  Hiring and firing;  Compensation, assignment, or classification of employees;  Transfer, promotion, layoff, or recall;  Job advertisements;  Recruitment;  Testing; “AL’JIHAD”– by, Imam Mahdi . © ® ™ : Of 842 Pages Is 704