AL'JIHAD : MESSENGERS (Angels & Devil) IN THE SKY (Captured Picture) AL'JIHAD Seventh Edition - Coker College copy - Page 699

State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress, except that in any action brought against a judicial officer for an act or omission taken in such officer’s judicial capacity, injunctive relief shall not be granted unless a declaratory decree was violated or declaratory relief was unavailable. For the purposes of this section, any Act of Congress applicable exclusively to the District of Columbia shall be considered to be a statute of the District of Columbia. 6. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) (Title VII), as amended, as it appears in volume 42 of the United States Code, beginning at section 2000e. Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 (Pub. L. 102-166) (CRA) and the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 (Pub. L. 111-2) amends several sections of Title VII. In addition, section 102 of the CRA (which is printed elsewhere in this publication) amends the Revised Statutes by adding a new section following section 1977 (42 U.S.C. 1981), to provide for the recovery of compensatory and punitive damages in cases of intentional violations of Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. a. § 21:13 Affirmative Defenses To Wrongful Discharge Claims – Title VII, ADEA, and ADA claims – Accrual, tolling, and continuing violations: A charge alleging a hostile work environment is different from a charge alleging a discrete discriminatory act because a hostile work environment claim “is comprised of a series of separate acts that collectively constitute one ‘unlawful employment practice.” The Court also made clear that Title VII’s limitations period does not bar the recovery of damages for actions for that portion of the hostile environment claim that falls outside the period for filing a timely charge. b. § 10:28 Proof of underlying Discrimination claim or activity: A retaliation plaintiff must show that he or she engaged in either oppositional or participatory actions (Fed. R. Civ. P. of Emp P § 10:9). However, to establish “AL’JIHAD”– by, Imam Mahdi . © ® ™ : Of 842 Pages Is 699 State or Territory or the District of Columbia, subjects, or causes to be subjected, any citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws, shall be liable to the party injured in an action at law, suit in equity, or other proper proceeding for redress, except that in any action brought against a judicial officer for an act or omission taken in such officer’s judicial capacity, injunctive relief shall not be granted unless a declaratory decree was violated or declaratory relief was unavailable. For the purposes of this section, any Act of Congress applicable exclusively to the District of Columbia shall be considered to be a statute of the District of Columbia. 6. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) (Title VII), as amended, as it appears in volume 42 of the United States Code, beginning at section 2000e. Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 (Pub. L. 102-166) (CRA) and the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of #V""VG26WfW&6V7F2bFFRdखFFF6V7F"bFR5$v62&FVBV6WvW&RF2V&Ɩ6F␦VG2FR&Wf6VB7FGWFW2'FFrWr6V7Ffvr6V7FsrC R22F&fFRf"FR&V6fW'b6V6F'BVFfRFvW266W2bFVFfF2bFFRdFRW&62vFF6&ƗFW27B`B6V7FSbFR&V&ƗFF7Bbs2 *r#2ff&FfRFVfV6W2Fw&vgVF66&vR62( 2FFRdDTBD62( 267'VFƖrB6FVrfF36&vRVvr7FRv&Vf&VB2FffW&VBg&6&vRVvpF67&WFRF67&֖F'7B&V6W6R7FRv&Vf&VB6( Ɨ06&6VBb6W&W2b6W&FR7G2FB6V7FfVǒ67FGWFRP( VvgVVVB&7F6R( ХFR6W'B6FR6V"FBFFRd( 0Ɩ֗FF2W&BFW2B&"FR&V6fW'bFvW2f"7F2f"F@'FbFR7FRVf&VB6FBf2WG6FRFRW&Bf"fƖpFVǒ6&vR" *r#&bbVFW&ǖrF67&֖F6"7FfG&WFƖFFfbW7B6rFBR"6RVvvVBVFW"6F 'F6F'7F2fVB"6bbV *rvWfW"FW7F&Ɨ6( ( N( ( 2'F * *(J"bC"vW22c