AL'JIHAD : MESSENGERS (Angels & Devil) IN THE SKY (Captured Picture) AL'JIHAD Seventh Edition - Coker College copy - Page 642

1516 Ottomans conquer Syria and Egypt. 1517 Ottomans control Mecca and Medina. 1520-66 Reign of Suleyman the Magnificent; Ottoman Empire reaches its zenith. Hungary and coastlands of Algeria and Tunisia come under Ottoman rule. 1526 Babur (Mongolian) seizes the Delhi sultanate and takes control of northern India. 1556 Akbar founds the Mughal dynasty in northern India. 1600-1700s Venetians, Habsburgs, and Russians divide European Ottoman lands between them. 1625 Java comes under rule of Muslim kingdom of Mataram. 1699 Treaty of Karlowitz confirms first substantial losses of Ottoman Empire in Europe. 1700s Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab rejects Sufism and all innovation (bid'a). Founds what becomes the Saudi Arabian kingdom. Hindus regain power from Mughals in northern India. 1738 Mughal empire invaded by the Afghans. 1779 Afghans ousted by Qajar dynasty, which rules Persia until 1925. 1798 Napoleon's expedition to Egypt. 1805 Muhammad Ali becomes governor of Egypt, which becomes independent of the Ottomans, gains control of western Arabia and extends into the Sudan. 1807-76 Tanzimat period. Ottoman Empire undergoes extensive program of modernization in government, law, and medicine. 1830 Greece regains independence from Ottomans. 1850s Non-Muslim Ottoman citizens granted equality with Muslims. 1858 Last Mughal in India is deposed and India comes under British rule. 1876-1908 Reign of Abd al-Hamid II; autocratic and religiously conservative period in Ottoman rule. 1878 Congress of Berlin recognizes independence of Balkan states previously under Muslim rule. 1882-1952 Egypt occupied by the British. 1908-18 Last decade of Ottoman rule. Rise of nationalistic "Young Turks." More liberal policies develop. 1912 Founding of Islamic Union (Sareket Islam), a modernizing movement in SE Asia. 1918 Fall of Ottoman Empire. League of Nations grants Britain mandatory status over “AL’JIHAD”– by, Imam Mahdi . © ® ™ : Of 842 Pages Is 642