AL'JIHAD : MESSENGERS (Angels & Devil) IN THE SKY (Captured Picture) AL'JIHAD Seventh Edition - Coker College copy - Page 641

late 900s West Africa begins to convert to Islam 1030 Umayyad caliphate in Cordoba defeated by the Christian Reconquista. 1055 Seljuk Turks take Baghdad; Abbasids now only nominal rulers. 1000s Reconquista takes more of Spain, Sicily falls to the Normans, Crusader kingdoms are briefly established in Palestine and Syria. 1071 Seljuk Turks defeat Byzantines at Battle of Manzikert. 1090 Hasan-i Sabbah takes Alamut in the Persian mountains, the Assassin sect forms around him. 1099 Christian Crusaders take Jerusalem. 1100-1200s Sufi orders (turuq) are founded. 1126-98 Life of Averro√ęs, Muslim philosopher from Cordoba who sought to integrate Islam with Greek thought. 1171 Fatimid power ends in Egypt with the conquests of Saladin. 1174 Saladin declares himself sultan of Egypt and Syria. 1193 Death of Saladin; most of Crusader states have returned to Islam. 1200s Assassins wipes out by the Mongols. Indian rulers in Delhi take title of Sultan. Spanish mystic Muhyi al-Din ibn al-Arabi (1165-1240) flourishes. 1221 Genghis Khan and the Mongols enter Persia. 1241 Mongols take the Punjab. 1258 M