AL'JIHAD : MESSENGERS (Angels & Devil) IN THE SKY (Captured Picture) AL'JIHAD Seventh Edition - Coker College copy - Page 634

the Nabi-Rasul in 632 CE. 4. Dawuud (d. in the Ninth Century) - is the writer of al’Dawuud Hadith over 300 years after the death of the Nabi-Rasul in 632 CE. 5. Tarwidi (d. in the Tenth Century) – is the writer of al’Tarwidi Hadith over 400 years after the death of the Nabi-Rasul in 632 CE. "Those who dispute about the messages of Allah without any authority having come to them, there is naught in their breasts but (a desire) to become great, which they will never attain. So seek refuge in Allah. Surely He is the Hearing, the Seeing." "Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of men; but most people know not" (al'Qur-an 40:56-57). Caliphates Umayyad Empire at its greatest extent in the Middle East:  The Rashidun Caliphate (632–661); The Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) - Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate; The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba in Islamic Spain (756–929– 1031); The Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258) - Successor of the Umayyad Caliphaten; The Fatimid Caliphate (910–1171); The Mamluk Caliphate (Bahri dynasty then preceded by Burji dynasty) (1250–1517); The Ottoman Caliphate (1299–1923) Moors of Iberia Further information: Umayyad conquest of Hispania and Al-Andalus Progress of the Reconquista (790–1300). In 711 CE, the now Islamic Moors conquered Visigothic Christian Hispania. Their general, Tariq ibn-Ziyad, brought most of Iberia under Islamic rule in an eight-year campaign. They moved northeast across the Pyrenees Mountains, but were defeated by the Frank Charles Martel at the Battle of Poitiers in 732. The Moorish state fell into civil conflict in the 750s. The Moors ruled in North Africa and in most of the Iberian peninsula for several decades. They were resisted in areas in the northwest (such as Asturias, where they were defeated at the battle of Covadonga) and the largely Basque regions in the Pyrenees. Though the number of Moor colonists was small, many native Iberian inhabitants converted to Islam. According to Ronald Segal, by 1000, some 5 million of Iberia's 7 million inhabitants, nearly all native inhabitants, were Muslim. In a process of decline, the Al Andalus had broken up into a number of Islamic-ruled fiefdoms, or taifas, which were partly consolidated under the Caliphate of Córdoba. Coat of arms of Alcanadre. La Rioja, Spain. Depicting severed heads of the Moors “AL’JIHAD”– by, Imam Mahdi . © ® ™ : Of 842 Pages Is 634