AL'JIHAD : MESSENGERS (Angels & Devil) IN THE SKY (Captured Picture) AL'JIHAD Seventh Edition - Coker College copy - Page 569
It was the
Beyond Portugal's power: By the
late 16th century her monopoly was
being challenged successfully by
England and France. During the
following century the African trade
attracted the Dutch, Danes, Swedes,
and Brandenburg Germans.
In 1621, it
was Dutch and
Company. By far the most formidable of
these was the Dutch, who formed a
West India Company in 1612.
Usually the sovereign in Europe
would grant a trade monopoly to a
group of favored merchants, it being
assumed that the privilege of
foreign commerce resided in the
. . . a voyage fifty days in length if
all went well. This was the "Middle
Passage", so called, because, it was
the second leg in the ship's
It started at
home base, to Africa, thence to the
West Indies, and finally back to the
point of original departure.
Slaves. The hazards of nature on the
slaves during the Middle Passage.
To guard against such suicidal
melancholy, a ceremony known as
"dancing the slaves" was practiced.
- NARY W AR
In late August, 1619, a Dutch
frigate landed an unexpected cargo
at Jamestown, Virginia.
Negroes of whom at least three
I T was in
“AL’JIHAD”– by, Imam Mahdi
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