AL'JIHAD : MESSENGERS (Angels & Devil) IN THE SKY (Captured Picture) AL'JIHAD Seventh Edition - Coker College copy - Page 569

It was the 1570s in England and France. Beyond Portugal's power: By the late 16th century her monopoly was being challenged successfully by England and France. During the following century the African trade attracted the Dutch, Danes, Swedes, and Brandenburg Germans. In 1621, it was Dutch and West India Company. By far the most formidable of these was the Dutch, who formed a West India Company in 1612. Usually the sovereign in Europe would grant a trade monopoly to a group of favored merchants, it being assumed that the privilege of foreign commerce resided in the Crown. . . . a voyage fifty days in length if all went well. This was the "Middle Passage", so called, because, it was the second leg in the ship's triangular journey. It started at home base, to Africa, thence to the West Indies, and finally back to the point of original departure. They Dancing Slaves. The hazards of nature on the slaves during the Middle Passage. To guard against such suicidal melancholy, a ceremony known as "dancing the slaves" was practiced. the T HE C OLONIAL AND R EVOLUTIO - NARY W AR N EGRO In late August, 1619, a Dutch frigate landed an unexpected cargo at Jamestown, Virginia. It was Negroes of whom at least three were women. (1619-1797) I T was in “AL’JIHAD”– by, Imam Mahdi . © ® ™ : Of 842 Pages Is 569