Ada Magazine Winter 2018 - Page 22

Losing WEIGHT - GETTING STARTED - 22 ADA MAGAZINE WINTER 2018 According to the Centers for Disease Con- trol and Prevention, the key to achieving — and maintaining — a healthy weight isn’t about short-term dietary changes. It’s about a lifestyle change that includes healthy eating, regular physical activity (the dreaded exer- cise) and balancing the number of calories a person consumes with the number of calories their body uses. Being overweight — obese — is harmful to one’s health. According to the CDC, people who are obese are at an increased risk for many serious health conditions including, but not limited to, high blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, depression, certain cancers, stroke and heart attack. Obesity is also hard on the body’s joints and can increase the risk for developing osteoar- thritis. Obesity is classified as having a body mass index of 30 or higher, according to the CDC. The CDC says people should find a caloric balance. Calories count, whether a person needs to lose weight, maintain weight or gain weight. Weight management is all about balancing the number of calories one takes in with the number of calories one’s body uses or “burns off.” A calorie is a unit of energy supplied by food and beverages. A calorie is a calorie, regard- less of its source, according to the CDC. Carbohydrates, fats, sugars and proteins all contain calories. Protein and carbohydrates each contain four calories per gram, while fat contains nine calories per gram. When a person’s body does not use calories, those calories are stored as fat. Caloric balance is like a scale, according to the CDC. To remain in balance and maintain body weight, calories consumed must be balanced by the calories used in normal body