ACCESS-ABILITY ACCESS-ABILITY_Vol1_Issue4 - Page 71

Our Resi l i ence M odel Cogn it ive St yle Wh ich ch ildr en exper ien ce con st r u ct ive peer r elat ion sh ips in st ead of peer r eject ion , con f iden t self -est eem in st ead of dam aged self -con cept , an d f u t u r e-dir ect edn ess in st ead of an xiet y an d depr ession ? Per h aps t h e m ost im por t an t cogn it ive pat t er n associat ed w it h posit ive ou t com es f or st u den t s w it h dyslexia is a gr ow t h -or ien t ed m in dset . Or igin ally descr ibed by St an f or d Un iver sit y psych ologist Car ol Dw eck , gr ow t h m in dset is t h e belief t h at on e?s abilit ies an d in t elligen ce can ch an ge w it h ef f or t , per sist en ce, an d n ew lear n in g. Th is sen se of con t r ol becom es par t icu lar ly im por t an t in m ediat in g per son al an d pr of ession al ch allen ges associat ed w it h dyslexia. Ch ildr en w it h a gr ow t h m in dset t en d t o believe t h ey can over com e obst acles, t h ey can im pr ove w it h ef f or t , an d t h ey can u se cr it icism con st r u ct ively t o set an d at t ain f u t u r e goals. Th ese ch ildr en ar e less lik ely t o in t er n alize ef f or t as eviden ce of low abilit y. Neu r o-im agin g st u dies also su ggest t h at ch ildr en w it h a gr ow t h m in dset ar e m or e lik ely t o display adapt ive m ech an ism s in r espon se t o er r or cor r ect ion an d f eedback . M ost im por t an t of all, Dw eck asser t s t h at gr ow t h m in dset can be bot h t au gh t an d lear n ed. An ot h er cogn it ive t r ait t h at h as been iden t if ied as bu ildin g r esilien ce t o dyslexia is a h igh level of t ask -f ocu sed beh avior . In ot h er w or ds, r esilien t ch ildr en ar e goal dr iven an d able t o su st ain t h eir at t en t ion on an act ivit y or goal f or lon g per iods of t im e. Su ch beh avior is associat ed w it h h ope or expect at ion of a posit ive ou t com e. Hope is an ot h er cogn it ive f act or con n ect ed w it h r esilien ce t o dyslexia. Goal-dr iven beh avior can be en cou r aged in m an y w ays, in clu din g ar t , h an ds-on con st r u ct ion pr oject s, an d spor t s. A f in al im por t an t f act or in developin g r esilien ce is a sen se of con t r ol. In on e st u dy of h igh ly su ccessf u l adu lt s w it h dyslexia, t h e dom in at in g f act or in t h eir su ccess w as t h eir abilit y t o t ak e con t r ol of t h eir lives.