a pet's life magazine Summer 2017 - Page 22

THE V-E-T Canine environmental allergy and allergen specific immunotherapy (ASIT) by Nicole A. Boynosky BVMS, MS, DACVD A topic dermatitis (AD) or AD is considered a diagnosis of exclusion environmental allergy is a since there is no one definitive test, complicated disease which may and there are a multitude of causes of often include a combination of itching. Extensive client discussion and genetic factors, environmental factors, an extensive dermatologic workup is skin immune dysfunction, diet and skin barrier dysfunction. AD is an over-reaction to typically innocuous environmental allergens such as pollens, molds, etc. Dogs absorb allergens across their skin. In dogs with concurrent skin barrier deficiencies, allergens penetrate deeper into the skin important prior to testing to diligently work through other causes of pruritus and types of allergy. Diagnosis involves ruling out infectious causes (i.e. bacterial) as well as ectoparasites (i.e. fleas). Year-round flea prevention is paramount. A prescription and are taken up by specialized immune based novel or hydrolyzed prescription diet cells. Allergy manifests itself in different elimination trial to rule out any role the diet ways, the most common being pruritus may play is also essential. The range for (itching). Signs of pruritus are scratching, the diet trial is 8-12 weeks so it can take licking, chewing, biting, and rubbing. months to appropriately diagnose AD. 22 apetslife magazine.com | SUMMER 2017