A Level English Lang and Lit Othello - Page 9

Othello by William Shakespeare Essay technique (ELLA2: analysing speech and its representation: Section B) Writing the introduction Do not waste time writing what you are ‘going to do’ or repeating the question. Begin answering the question from your very first sentence. 1. Contextualise the given passage. 2. Introduce your chosen passage and explain why this is relevant to the focus of the question and how it relates to the given passage. 3. Explain the importance of the focus (Othello’s breakdown/jealousy/love ...) in both passages. This passage is taken from Act 4 Scene 1 by which point Iago has convinced Othello of Desdemona’s infidelity. Othello is presented as increasingly tormented by this idea. Othello’s speech to the senate in Act 1 Scene 3 is a powerful contrast to this. In this early speech, Othello is presented, in verse, as dignified, controlled and respectful while, towards the end of the play, he becomes increasingly irrational, disordered and violent. This is reflected in his fragmented syntax, transition to prose, repetition and choice of ominous or aggressive lexis and imagery, features which are more apparent, as he succumbs to Iago’s manipulation and control and his own monstrous jealousy. 1. Demonstrates understanding of given passage. 2. Introduces second passage and makes links between the two passages. 3. Focus on key words and features. The perfect paragraph (SPEAL)      Signpost sentence Point Evidence Analyse Link Signpost sentence Point Analysis Link Othello’s use of imagery in this passage illustrates the disturbance in his mind and reinforces a sense of foreboding. He is tormented by the thought of Desdemona’s infidelity which ‘comes o’er my memory,/As Evidence doth the raven o’er the infected house,/Boding to all!’. The raven, conventionally associated with death and the spreading of infection, is ominous and adds to the tension in the audience. This use of imagery connected to animals and disease is in contrast with Othello’s more dignified language involving military ‘feats of broil and battle’ at the beginning of the play and in some ways mirrors Iago’s choice of language, illustrating how far Othello’s attitudes and perceptions have changed and how far he is now in Iago’s power. © www.teachit.co.uk 2010 13864 Page 2 of 2