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Non-structural mitigation Even when a school building is safe – when it has been designed and constructed to withstand hazards – its interior contents can injure or even kill students and staff. School management committees and older students can identify these hazards and reduce risks. • Heavy furniture can be secured to walls. • Cleaning and laboratory chemicals can be placed in locked cabinets or containers that hold them tight. • Handrails can be installed along stairwells. • Fire suppression equipment can be strategically placed throughout the building. • Large kitchen equipment can be bolted to floors or walls. • Light fixtures can be secured with wire to ceilings. • Computer equipment can be strapped to tables or secured on floors. • High shelves can be installed for fragile educational materials to be stored during flood events. Key activity 3: Development of a maintenance plan In order for community-based schools to remain safe over decades of use, a maintenance plan must be established. Ideally, this plan should have first been discussed in the Planning Stage and only needs to be reviewed and finalised. Program managers should support the school management committee in understanding how maintenance protects and extends the safety of the school building. Government agencies with school oversight responsibilities should provide appropriate funding mechanisms. The school manage ment committee should establish a maintenance plan that defines roles and responsibilities for maintenance on a routine, seasonal and annual basis. Those responsible for maintenance should be trained in how to carry out their responsibilities. Strategies for communitybased maintenance of schools with minimal resources While government agencies are typically responsible for funding maintenance, allocation is often woefully inadequate. School communities may need to develop strategies for supplementing government allocations. • Establish an annual ‘safe school’ day where students and families play an active role in assessing and repairing the school premises. • Have older students provide ongoing monitoring as a classroom activity. • Use World Disaster Risk Reduction Day – on 13 October – to review school safety and address problems. • Use a Community Work Day – a day when people give voluntary labour for activities that benefit the wider community – to support school maintenance. • Establish income-generating activities with oversight by the school management committee and use these funds for maintenance. Checklists, such as this excerpt from a maintenance manual for school buildings in the Caribbean, can help staff maintain buildings and ensure the safe school remains safe after construction. SECTION III: POST-CONSTRUCTION School completion ceremony of Cirateun Primary School, Bangdung, Indonesia. Photo: Bishnu Pandey. • High shelves can be installed for fragile educational materials to be stored during flood events. 88