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RESOURCE BOX Resources for safer design When national and international building codes do not cover the materials and construction techniques used in school design, design teams may find international construction guidelines that address several non-engineered construction system useful. All are available online; links are provided in the appendix. Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction, published by UNISDR, INEE and the World Bank, provides process guidelines and design principles for hazardresistant school construction. Many aspects are relevant to community-based approaches. Construction and Maintenance of Masonry Houses for Masons and Craftsmen, edited by Marcial Blondet and published by Pontificia Universidad Catolica Del Peru, SENCICO and EERI, provides guidance on confined masonry, including information in an easy-tounderstand cartoon format. Earthquake-Resistant Construction of Adobe Buildings: A Tutorial, published by EERI/IAEE World Housing Encyclopedia in 2003, provides guidelines on adobe construction in seismic regions. Reducing Vulnerability of School Children to Earthquakes, published by UNCRD, explores the use of community-based approaches to safer schools as a tool for community and regional development. It includes many case studies of projects that constructed safer schools and built local risk awareness and capacity. The 2011 and 2013 Compendia on Transitional Learning Spaces, produced by UNICEF’s education sector, provide on-site selection and building layout choices based on safety and child-friendly design principles. Many of these site selection, design and construction choices are also applicable to permanent school construction. Case studies provide architectual drawings and details about cost, materials and implementation at more than 20 sites affected by natural hazards and conflict. SECTION III: DESIGN Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Non-Engineered Construction, published by UNESCO in 2013, provides technical details for designing and constructing un-engineered buildings. These are buildings which are spontaneously and informally constructed without any, or very little, intervention by qualified architects and engineers in their design. 70