45179_towardssaferschoolconstruction_0 (2015) - Page 66

Key activity 3: Drafting an implementation plan Following a feasibility assessment, the school management committee and program manager should collaboratively draft an implementation plan. This plan should include a draft timeline of dates and key activities, deliverables, as well as the roles and responsibilities of each actor. A financial plan is also an important strategic aspect of achieving a safer school building. Financial plans that directly link payment to safety checks – verification that disaster risk reduction strategies have been successfully incorporated into site design, site preparation and key points in the construction process – can create incentive and sustain attention to safety. Resources for communitybased management of construction projects can be found in the Design Stage (see In context: Technical support and construction oversight in the Community Construction Stage section). SECTION III: PLANNING Because a community-based approach seeks to increase community capacity during the construction process, a communication and capacity-building plan is necessary for implementation. Risk-awareness activities implemented in the Mobilisation Stage may need to continue throughout the project, especially in coordination with design and construction activities. Capacity-building activities, especially around hazard-resistant construction techniques, also need to be planned. Because these activities may take significant time and, if done on a regional scale, coordination, it is a good idea to start them at the Design Stage. During the early stages of the recovery efforts after Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, carpenters are trained on techniques for including cross bracing in reconstruction e fforts. Photo: Adam Kalopsidiotis /Save the Children. 57 IN CONTEXT Selecting materials for safer construction Keywords: tsunami, reconstruction, materials selection, timber After the 2006 Indonesia tsunami, residents wanted to rebuild houses and other community infrastructure with brick, but the cost of hazardresistant confined masonry was higher than many households could afford. Build Change – an NGO providing technical building assistance – helped some households turn to timber construction, which could be built to be hazard-resistant with less cost. When residents made errors in timber construction, the mistakes were easier to see and rectify. A mistake made in a confined masonry building could require tearing it down and starting over. Even with this step toward safer material selection, Build Change noticed a decrease in endemic timber stock as demand grew in the housing sector. As a result, NGOs working in the region began importing timber without natural pest resistance. Houses built with these imported materials will deteriorate more rapidly. Building materials must be researched in-depth to mitigate the creation of new problems.