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Safety does not end with the completion of construction. Communities need to learn how to use and maintain their safer schools in the Post-Construction Stage. The safer school project can also solidify into a broader culture of safety at the school and in the community, as well as at the organisational and global level. • Drafting maintenance and user manuals. Design and construction teams, government authorities and school staff jointly develop a manual for safe operation, maintenance and future use. • Handing the school over. A commemorative handover establishes institutional memory about safer schools. Students and staff identify and reduce hazards inside the completed school. • Developing a maintenance plan. Stakeholders create regular maintenance plans and identify how the school may be altered in the future. These plans help ensure the school remains a safe building during its entire use. • Supporting cultures of safety in schools. The safer school can continue to teach communities about hazardresistant construction and valuing safety. Commemorative events, signs and school safety committees support the ongoing learning process. • Scaling-up and promoting accountability. Development organisations and government agencies can promote and scale-up safer school construction, whether through community-based or external approaches, by making a public commitment to safer schools. SECTION II: OVERVIEW 5. Key activities of the PostConstruction Stage: Operations, Maintenance and Safety Stage 5. Post-construction operations, maintenance, and safety Advantages Challenges Strategies • Improves understanding of nonstructural mitigation • Lack of awareness about nonstructural hazards Provide orientation and training on non-structural mitigation for the school management committee, parent-teacher associations and older students. • Familiarity with building technology increases ease of community maintenance • Competing priorities and insufficient funds for maintenance, or inappropriate alterations to safe schools Develop maintenance and user manuals to alert school staff to their role in school maintenance and inform them when alteration requires technical review. Work with local communities to develop an income-generation strategy to support routine and non-routine maintenance when government support is insufficient. • Builds and sustains a culture of safety within and beyond the school • Assumption that safety efforts end with construction Ask that school management committees display their continued commitment to comprehensive school safety through commemorative events, months and even years after school completion. Involve local officials and original stakeholders to increase accountability. Include long-term monitoring of safer school projects and their ongoing impacts. 28