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4. Key activities of the Community Construction Stage SECTION II: OVERVIEW As school construction begins, a community-based approach must carefully pair construction activities with worker training and a transparent oversight process. Without training, community members and construction workers do not understand the hazard-resistant construction techniques needed to make the school safe. Without oversight, safety cannot be guaranteed. • Engaging in construction monitoring and site supervision. In community-based school construction, construction monitoring may be a collaborative task: school management committees and other stakeholders may monitor daily activities and identify potential problems while technical specialists ensure design compliance. Such collaboration helps ensure construction quality even in remote locations and increases local knowledge of hazard-resistant construction. • Building local capacity. When hazard-resistant construction techniques are new to the community, tradespeople and labourers need training. The training needs to be in a format they can easily understand. Hands-on demonstrations, practice sites and pictorial construction drawings work well. • Practising and communicating safety. The construction showcases safer building practices to the community in ways that can influence future construction practices. Conscientious health and safety procedures and concerted community outreach can help achieve this. Stage 4. Community construction Advantages 27 Challenges Strategies • Reduces corruption by providing a constant community presence at construction sites • Community ineffective at construction monitoring due to poor local knowledge or lack of experience with accountability processes Engage local government offices and other stakeholders in formal frameworks through MOUs and other accountability tools. Provide training and checklists to community members engaging in construction oversight. Ensure engineers and inspectors visit regularly and frequently. Combine community monitoring with third-party review and oversight so responsibility for quality control does not lie solely with the community. • Transfers hazard-resistant construction skills to the community • Training adds costs and time to the project, and skills may be inappropriately applied later Combine training with other community development activities, such as disaster risk reduction and resilience projects, and ensure training indicates when technology is appropriate in other building styles. Cost efficiencies can be achieved when trained tradespeople are employed on multiple projects, allowing local labourers in the next community to apprentice under those who have been trained. • Lowers cost of construction and keeps funds within the community • Appropriate construction experience lacking in local area Experiment to find a good financial balance between hired external contractors and the use of local, trained, skilled and unskilled labourers. • Increases income opportunities for trained tradespeople • Tradespeople may lack experience leveraging training to boost their own income and livelihoods Provide certificates for those who complete training. Teach strategies for marketing their new skills as part of the training.