45179_towardssaferschoolconstruction_0 (2015) - Page 24

SECTION I: INTRODUCTION Country and hazard overview CASE STUDY Some key principles in practice: Trade-offs in post-disaster response Country: Haiti Organisation: Save the Children Hazards: Earthquakes, flash floods, high winds Summary: Reconstruction in the wake of the 2010 Haiti earthquake was extremely challenging, spanning many years and hundreds of organisations. In the complex and shifting postdisaster context, the international humanitarian organisation Save the Children was tasked with providing school buildings to get children off the streets and back into school. Amid conflicting pressures of time, resource constraints, internal organisational mandates and relations with the Haiti government, Save the Children made difficult trade-offs to complete their mission using community-based principles. Holguín NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN Port-De-Paix Cap-Haitien Gonaives Fort-Liberte HAITI Carribean Sea DOM. REP. Port-au-Prince Jeremie Les Cayes Jacmel 2010 Haiti Earthquake Carribean Sea 15 Hinche In 2010, a devastating earthquake struck Haiti, damaging or destroying 80 percent of schools around the capital city Port-au-Prince. Nearly 250,000 people were killed, and one-third of the population displaced. Most documents from the past 204 years of Haitian governance were buried under rubble. Land tenure was almost impossible to determine and the Haitian MoE was overwhelmed by the crisis, despite good coordination. In this extremely difficult context, Save the Children – who was co-leading the Education Cluster with UNICEF while working alongside other NGOs and the MoE – rushed to respond. Returning children to the classroom was the most pressing goal for Save the Children from both educational and childprotection perspectives. Aiming for immediate relief amid the post-disaster turmoil required Save the Children to make difficult trade-offs. Pressures from key stakeholders pushed and pulled the school construction program, sometimes in opposing directions. A laudable success The Education Cluster was run by Save the Children and UNICEF. Together, they coordinated the efforts of approximately 100 organisations. Collectively, the Haiti Education Cluster established more than 1,000 temporary learning spaces, trained more than 10,000 teachers in psychosocial support for children, facilitated the return to school of more than 1 million students, and undertook cholera-prevention activities in 20,000 schools. Save the Children alone constructed at least 100 schools, helping thousands of children get off the street into their successful education programming that followed. Surveys indicate that community members were extremely grateful for Save the Children’s efforts.