45179_towardssaferschoolconstruction_0 (2015) - Page 11

1 6 14 7 2 11 8 10 Damage by water innundation 12 SECTION I: INTRODUCTION 4 13 9 Damage from seismic activity 5 Damage by high winds 3 The need for safer schools 1 When Hurricane Katrina struck the United States in 2005, 700 school buildings closed, predominantly due to flooding. In the first year, US$2.8 billion was spent to educate displaced students. 2 The 2010 Haiti earthquake destroyed or damaged 80 percent of the schools in the capital city of Port-au-Prince. 3 In 2010, a large earthquake and tsunami destroyed or damaged more than 3,000 schools in Chile, affecting 1.25 million students. 4 Standard school design templates in Algeria do not follow the country’s own seismic code recommendations. 5 Floods in 2015 inundated 335 school buildings in Mozambique. 6 More than 17,000 students were killed and 10,000 school buildings were destroyed in Pakistan’s 2005 Kashmir earthquake. 7 Early assessment of school damage in the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal indicated that over 10,000 classrooms were fully damaged. Some districts reported 90 percent of schools were damaged. 8 The 2007 Cyclone Sidr affected more than 145,000 children in Bangladesh and the cost of reconstruction was estimated at US$81 million. 9 The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami left 150,000 students without school buildings. 10 In 2008, Cyclone Nargis destroyed 2,460 school buildings in Myanmar. 11 The 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China crushed 10,000 students to death in their classrooms. 12 A total of 700,000 students and teachers were affected by the 2012 Bangkok floods in Thailand. 13 In 2013, Typhoon Haiyan partially or completely damaged 2,500 school buildings and 800 daycare centres in the Philippines. 14 Nearly 200 school buildings were destroyed and more than 700 were significantly damaged in the 2011 East Japan tsunami. Sources: See cited works pg 25 4-8. 2