2019 Commerce Magazine Book_Cmmrc_PROOF1 - Page 35

CENSUS HISTORY & PROGRAM DATA Your Participation Counts used in the production of important demo- housing and territory not included within graphic and economic models. an urban area. It helps with the equitable distribution The U.S. Census Bureau estimates Stillwa- of public funds. Obtaining up-to-date pop- ter’s population at 49,829 as of July 1,2017. In ulation data is essential for the government 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau reported Still- to equitably distribute the more than $675 water’s population at 45,688. Based on cur- billion per year in federal funds spent on rent growth patterns, Stillwater could exceed schools, hospitals, roads, public works and a population count of 50,000 by the time of other vital programs. the 2020 U.S. Census, allowing it to become It encourages economic development. Mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the US Constitution, the decen- nial (every-ten-year) census aims to count the entire population of the economy. As businesses and industries expand their capacity to use data to make decisions at local and national levels, they 1 in years ending in zero. The next Census Day is April 1, 2020. All households are make these decisions. the sex, age, and race of each person. T communities. It is the premier source for will include the number of people in each ment and making it a tool of political empow- detailed population and housing informa- housing unit as well as those living in erment was a turning point in world history. tion about our nation. group quarters facilities (college and uni- Beginning in 1940, most addresses received homes, prisons, etc.). the right number of representatives in gov- after the inauguration of President Wash- housing data while the long form collected ernment. The most fundamental uses of the ington and shortly before the second session social, housing and economic information decennial census program data remain the of the fi rst Congress ended. The six inquiries (education level, disability status, employ- provision of population data for the alloca- in 1790 called for questions on gender, race, ment status, income and housing costs). Long tion of seats each state has in the U.S. House relationship to the head of household, name form data collected was used to determine of Representatives (a process called appor- of the head of household and the number of funds for a wide array of federal, state, local tionment) and the defi nition of boundaries for slaves, if any. Marshals in some states went and tribal programs. congressional districts, state legislative dis- beyond these questions, collecting occupa- Since 2005, in order to provide communities, tricts, school districts, and voting precincts. tional data along with the number of dwell- businesses and the public with detailed, long form information more frequently, these data Jefferson, Madison and the Founders have been collected monthly (and released en shrined the Census in our Constitution annually) through the American Commu- to empower the people over their new gov- nity Survey (ACS). The ACS helps local offi - ernment. The plan was to count every person cials, community leaders and businesses living in the newly created United States understand the changes taking place in their Offi cial counts from the decennial census, in combination with characteristic estimates from the ACS, have many uses, including enforcement of voting rights and civil rights legislation, determination of the sampling frames for dozens of surveys throughout the U.S. federal statistical system, and in controls of America and to use that count to deter- mine representation in the Congress. Previ- ously, censuses had been used mainly to tax or confi scate property or to draft youth into ters (UCs) of at least 2,500 and fewer than 50,000. Rural encompasses all population, of the count in November 2020 and deliver the final numbers to the president in December 2020. Total population numbers will become publicly available in January or February 2021. State population counts are to be delivered by March 31, 2021. an entitlement community. The Community BY DE ANN MCKEE VER Development Block Grant Entitlement Pro- Sources: gram (CDBG) provides annual grants on a formula basis to entitled cities and counties to develop viable urban communities by pro- viding decent housing and a suitable living environment and by expanding economic opportunities, principally for low- and mod- erate-income persons. U.S. Census Bureau. (2017, March 11). Decen- nial Census of Population and Housing. Retreived 05 December 2018, U.S. Census Bureau: htt ps://www.census.gov/pro- grams-surveys/decennial-census/about.html Ballotpedia Contributor. Oklahoma State Budget and Finances. Ballotpedia, ballotpedia. org/Oklahoma_state_budget_and_fi nances In 2014, Oklahoma received approximately $7.3 billion in federal aid, accounting for 34 percent of the state’s general revenues. Stillwater could exceed a population count of 50,000 by the time of the 2020 U.S. Census. 69 The decennial census is conducted on Census Day, which is April 1 in years ending in zero. The Census ensures that each community gets short form collected basic demographic and ings in a city or town. The Census Bureau identifi es two types of The Census Bureau will complete its review CENSUS BUREAU DATA USES received a “long” form. The 2000 Census The fi rst census began more than a year BECOMING AN ENTITLEMENT COMMUNITY 50,000 or more people and Urban Clus- military service. Taking this tool of govern- what was called a “short” form while others depend on data from the Census Bureau to urban areas — Urbanized Areas (UAs) of he data to be collected by the 2020 Census versity housing, military barracks, nursing Census data plays in U.S. commerce and the United States. The decennial census is conducted on Census Day which is April asked to provide data that includes the number of people living in each home and 68 It is also important to mention the role the DATA DISSEMINATION