2019 College Track Social Mobility Report 2019 College Track Social Mobility Report (web) - Page 21

THE EMPLOYMENT LANDSCAPE IS HARD TO NAVIGATE, EVEN WITH A BACHELOR’S DEGREE This year we asked our graduates if their “job requires a bachelor’s degree” and we found that 27% responded “no”- including a line cook, a train operator, an underwriter, a fraud investigator, and day-care staff. Nationally, the ratio of bachelor’s degree holders “over-qualified” for their occupation is similar, with higher ratios for younger graduates and for those who graduated in a weak economy 10 and lower for those who have a graduate degree. We found these factors to be true for our graduates: for instance, those working in a strong Bay Area labor market are more likely to report a job requiring a bachelor’s degree (78%) than those outside California (59%). Yet we also found that our African American alumni were more likely to be overqualified for their current employment (only 58% say their job requires a bachelor’s degree), hinting at the well known reality of discrimination in the workplace. We are concerned by these findings because jobs that require a bachelor’s degree pay a lot more: in our sample of 132 individuals who graduated from college more than two years ago and are currently working, the median wage is $20,000 higher for those whose job requires a bachelor’s degree and 13% more report having health insurance (87% vs 74%). 11 In years to come we will continue to examine the factors that lead to such under-matching. But we are taking immediate action for our current students, supporting them with internships and post-college plans. DACA Works Last year we reported on-the-job outcomes for DACA recipients, which clearly showed that DACA works! For several years, College Track Dreamers had the experience of starting and graduating college with DACA — but this experience is suddenly halted, and now our college Dreamers live without the security that they can compete for a job after they earn their degree. Laura’s story reminds us of the tragedy of this loss: “For me, having DACA didn’t just allow me to live and work in the U.S. It offered an opportunity to pay it forward, advocate for immigrant communities, and help give voice to the voiceless. I graduated from UC Santa Cruz with dual degrees in Latin American Studies and Politics. As a paralegal at The American Bar Association, I plan to get my law degree and become an immigration attorney.” -Laura, College Track East Palo Alto, U.C. Santa Cruz Graduate College Track Page 21