2016 Miniature Horse WORLD Issues December 2016 Volume 32, Number 6 - Page 94

eeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping eeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping eeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping eeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping eepingHyperlipemia tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips Quickly, * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping Diagnose Treat Aggressively eeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * By Larry Ross horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping is eeping tipsyperlipemia * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * somewhat rare in horsekeeping tips horse * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping the general population but seems to eepingbe tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * slightly more prevalent in the Miniature horsekeeping tipsbreed. * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping The condition comes on can have eepingsuddenly tips and * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * deadly consequences if horsekeeping not diagnosedtips rapidly *andhorsekeeping tips * horsekeeping treated aggressively. eeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * “Hyper” means over-abundant, excessive, “Lipemia” is horsekeeping tipsover-active, * horsekeeping tips * etc. horsekeeping derived from the word lipid which means fat. For some reason, fat reserves eepingin the tips * rapidly horsekeeping * horsekeeping tips * horse start entering thetips bloodstream. As we understand it, it overloads the horse’s liver, and if the situation is not corrected very quickly, horsekeeping tipsand* thehorsekeeping tips * horsekeeping liver failure occurs, horse dies. eepingFrom tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * resources we have consulted, there does not seem to be a clear picture as to why some Miniatures suddenly contract thistips condition. It can affect horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping * horsekeeping them in a matter of a few days with fatal consequences if it is undiagnosed eepingandtips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping * untreated. There seems to be a connection to stress situations such tips as foaling, transportation, high internal parasite load, excessive weight; although horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping underweight horses can also be affected. Mares who have recently foaled or are lactating (producing milk fortips the foal) to be the highest tips risk eepingwho tips * horsekeeping * appear horsekeeping * group. horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping what we have researched, the most notable symptoms of Hyperlipemia eepingFrom * horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * aretips severe depression and refusal to eattips almost*everything. The affected horse is not interested in grain, hay or pasture. horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping a variety of blood Treatment is to stem tips the eepingDiagnosis tips *is through horsekeeping tipstests. * horsekeeping * release of fat from the body tissues, break down the overabundant fat in the horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * the horsekeeping bloodstream, tips provide*nutrition to the horse. Apparently, treatment can get exotic depending on how advanced the condition has become. Insulin eepingandtips horsekeeping * horsekeeping tips * glucose*are used to keep the bodytips from releasing more fat into the blood stream. Heparin (an anticoagulant) is used to break down * thehorsekeeping fat that is already horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips in the bloodstream. The horse’s pH balance needs to be regulated. eeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * In short, Hyperlipemia is scary and commonly a life-threatening condition that horsekeeping tipsand*requires horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping comes on quickly immediate veterinary attention. eepingReferences: tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * “Feeding the Miniature Horse and Pony” by Sonja Gardner BSc (Hons) www.ker.com (Kentucky Equine Research); “Hyperlipemia in horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping Miniature Horses” by Mary Boyce; “Hyperlipemia - Diagnose Quickly, Treat by Larry Ross eepingAggressively” tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping Miniature Horse World D E C E M B E R 2 0 16 eeping92 tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * H horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping What is it? Hyperlipemia is a metabolic imbalance horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * characterized by excessive levels of fatty acids in the * blood. tips horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * What causes Hyperlipemia? Reduced feed intake or anorexia. If a horse endures tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping stress and is not eating or has been stalled to horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * control its weight, fatty reserves may be released into the blood stream. If too much fat is released, tips horsekeeping tips horsekeeping the * liver can become overloaded and, * in extreme cases, may fail completely. The fatty acids infiltrate horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * the liver and triglycerides accumulate in the tips * horsekeeping tipstriglycerides * horsekeeping plasma resulting in elevated serum and impaired hepatic function. Hyperlipemia in horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * Miniature horses is documented as a primary disease associated with obesity, pregnancy, tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping lactation, stress and transportation. It may also be horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * a secondary response to other diseases including parasitism, septicemia, enterocolitis (inflammation tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping of the colon), colic, laminitis. horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * What are the warning signs? tips * horsekeeping * horsekeeping Refusal to eat and depression. tips If untreated, horses suffering from Hyperlipemia will typically grow horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * more depressed and uncoordinated. Increasing liver*failure usually, produces death two tips horsekeeping tipswithin * horsekeeping weeks. Any Miniature off his feed for more than 24 horsekeeping tips by * ahorsekeeping tips * hours should be examined veterinarian. Most cases of Hyperlipemia are associated with reduced tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping food intake. horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * What animals appear to be most tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping vulnerable? Miniature horses, miniature and ponies – horsekeeping tips *donkeys, horsekeeping tips * particularly those who are obese or are pregnant, tips * horsekeeping tipsdisease. * horsekeeping lactating or experiencing a stressful horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * Are there preventive measures? Most of Hyperlipemia cantips be prevented by tips * cases horsekeeping * horsekeeping maintaining feed intake. Restricted grazing should horsekeeping tips * should horsekeeping be limited. A Miniature Horse not be stalled tips * without access to at least a little hay for than tips * horsekeeping tips * longer horsekeeping 6-8 hours. For cases of obesity or laminitis, feeding horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * a half-maintenance tips ration is*advised rather than complete feed withdrawal. tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping What is the treatment? horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * Often involves intensive care including treatment of tips horsekeeping * fluid horsekeeping the * primary disease, nutritionaltips support, and drug therapies. horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips * tips * horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping horsekeeping tips * horsekeeping tips *