Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 69

COOPERATION OF UZBEKISTAN WITHIN THE CIS Aleksey Kustov, Chief research fellow, the Institute for Strategic and Regional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Annotation The article considers topical issues of implementing multilateral and bilateral relations of Uzbekistan with the CIS countries. The author sees the prospects for optimal cooperation in the context of interaction provided by well-established institutional and legal mechanisms, accelerating innovation and integration processes within the CIS, due to the common goals of the Commonwealth participants, interests, fields of activity, mutual respect for the sovereignty of all member states. Arising as a response to the historic challenge of 1991, the Commonwealth of Independent States has gone through the thorny path of translating its intentions over the past 27 years, and today faces fundamentally different possibilities. The nature of the planned future of the CIS clearly shows that cooperation within the framework of the unification should acquire a new breath with more intensive dynamics. From the moment of the formation of the CIS, the Republic of Uzbekistan was among those states that advocated “deepening economic integration, maintaining economic ties on a new basis” without politicizing the integration process, without artificially forcing and putting pressure on each other, having developed their position: economic integration while maintaining political independence and state sovereignty. Thus, the policy of Uzbekistan is formed primarily under the influence of pragmatic considerations, and this makes it possible to obtain today the maximum possible benefit from the membership in the CIS. More recently, in the press, it was often possible to meet the externally inspired reasoning that “cooperation within the CIS gives absolutely nothing”, and the organization “dies and the search for alternative ways of rapprochement is necessary”. However, as the experience of the 27-year existence of the association shows, the Commonwealth of Independent States is the most optimal form of the development of multilateral cooperation in the interests of those countries that it unites. The interaction ensured by well-established institutional and legal mechanisms, as well as the common objectives, interests and fields of activity of the participants of the Commonwealth, while respecting the sovereignty of the participating States, make it possible to talk about the strategic prospects of the CIS. The authoritative expert circles adhere to the understanding that the CIS has stood the test of time and has confirmed its relevance as an important element in the system of regional and international relations in the post-Soviet space. The specificity of multilateral relations of the post-Soviet states on the CIS site lies in their multi-aspectuality, and the scale of the issues connected with them goes far beyond the framework of bilateral relations. At the same time, when it comes to the current state of relations of the CIS members and their immediate prospects in the XXI century, experts point out two circumstances: a deep historical connection that determines the existence of common interests, and a mutual interest in expanding the possibilities of good neighborly relations. It is no coincidence that at the meeting of CIS leaders on October 10-11, 2017, Sh. Mirziyoyev made it clear that a large role in the fate of the Commonwealth now and in the future belongs to the adaptation of the CIS mechanism to modern realities, taking into account the interests of all partners. Today Uzbekistan is actively involved in industry cooperation, implementation of projects in the trade and economic field, anti-terrorism activities, as well as in a fairly intensively functioning system of consultations at various levels. 71