Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 61

creating more favorable conditions for trade and attracting investments; b) in the development of transport and communication infrastructure; c) in establishing close cooperation in agriculture, tourism, education and culture; d) in the effective use of the economic opportunities of developed countries, providing their assistance to developing countries. Vectors of bilateral and multilateral cooperation Since the ancient times, the Great Silk Road ran through the territory of modern Uzbekistan, where numerous trade routes converged, and there was an intense exchange between different cultures. Ancient Chinese literature often mentioned such cities as Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, which made a worthy contribution to the development of world civilization. Relations between the Chinese and Uzbek peoples are inextricably linked with the history of the Great Silk Road. National values and traditions of the two nations had a great influence on the development of world civilization, and trade relations served to widely spread the unique discoveries of that era throughout the world. It is difficult to overestimate the enormous, irreplaceable role of the Great Silk Road as the international transport artery of antiquity, which connected such countries and regions as China, India, Central Asia, the Middle and Near East and the Mediterranean. It not only ensured the development of trade relations, but also contributed to the exchange of information between ancient states and regions, the spread of new types of products and crops, the mutual enrichment of the cultures of nations for thousands of years, and thus acted as an important means of intercivilizational dialogue. The Great Silk Road also served as a conductor for the rapid spread of new technologies and innovations (the production of silk, porcelain, gunpowder, paper, and much more). In this regard, the revival of the modern Silk Road Special attention should be paid to the new provides for the resumption of transport infrastructure, policy of Uzbekistan to improve relations with continental trade routes and cultural exchange between neighboring countries in Central Asia. This creates favorable conditions not only for Asian countries. Herein, as in ancient times, China plays strengthening security in the region, but also a key role. Chairman of PRC Xi Jinping in September for the implementation of multilateral within the framework of the SCO and 2013 during his visit to Kazakhstan for the first time put projects the "One Belt, One Road" initiative. forward the initiative of joint construction of the Yu Xinghui, Secretary of the Party Committee “Economic Belt of the Silk Road”. In October of the same of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences. year in Indonesia, he presented the idea of the “The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road”. Together they formed the initiative “One Belt, One Road”. On the basis of the long-term national interests, the Leadership of the Republic of Uzbekistan was among the first to declare its support and readiness to take an active part in the construction of the “Economic Belt of the Silk Road”, and to further deepen comprehensive ties with China. Uzbekistan and China provide mutual political support in the international arena on the promotion of the vital interests of the two countries. In particular, the first state visit of President Sh. Mirziyoyev to the PRC on May 11-15, 2017 gave new dynamics to interstate relations. During the visit, a solid package of documents was signed: over 100 contracts for the implementation of projects totaling 23 billion dollars. Based on these agreements, the Road Map for the quality and timely implementation of the agreements reached between two countries was adopted. It should be noted that the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh.Mirziyoyev took part in the international Forum “One Belt, One Road” in Beijing on May 14-15, 2017 and made a speech in which he voiced the position of Uzbekistan on the further improvement and development of this project. The head of Uzbekistan welcomed the proposal of the Chairman of the PRC to hold meetings of the Forum on a regular basis and expressed readiness to host one of the forums in Uzbekistan, highlighting the theme of the event to the Central Asian region. 63