Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 53

UNGA ADOPTS RESOLUTION ON STRENGTHENING COOPERATION IN CENTRAL ASIA Batir Tursunov, Deputy Director, the Institute for Strategic and Regional Studies under the President of Republic of Uzbekistan Annotation The adoption of the resolution was a historical event, not just for the Central Asian countries. Indeed, it is difficult to overstate its significance in a broader, international context. It marked a new stage in the history of the Central Asian countries and signaled the region’s consolidation. For the first time since their independence in 1991, the Central Asian states confirmed their ability not only to take joint action in order to resolve common regional problems, but also to ensure the wellbeing and prosperity of their citizens. At its June 22, 2018 plenary session, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on “Strengthening regional and international cooperation to ensure peace, stability and sustainable development in the Central Asian Region.” According to Uzbekistan’s Foreign Ministry, all UN members unanimously supported the draft document, developed by Uzbekistan along with the other Central Asian states. Uzbekistan’s President Shavkat Mirziyoyev initiated the process of developing the document at the UNGA’s 72nd session in September 2017. Speaking in New York on the organization of an international conference on Central Asia in Samarkand in November 2017, Mirziyoyev proposed to develop a UN resolution after the conference in order to support the Central Asian countries’ efforts to ensure security and strengthen cooperation in the region. The fact that the resolution is now adopted signifies the implementation of Uzbekistan’s initiative, and confirms international recognition and support of Tashkent’s new regional policy. As Mirziyoyev noted during the Samarkand Conference, “Our main goal is to turn Central Asia into a stable, economically developed and prosperous region through joint efforts.” Indeed, Uzbekistan’s foreign policy under Mirziyoyev has unlocked regional divisions and opened the way for the development of the entire region 1 . The other Central Asian countries – Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan – not only actively supported Uzbekistan’s initiative, but also co-sponsored the UNGA resolution on Central Asia. The document reflects mutual support for the initiatives of the Central Asian states, which have made a significant contribution to strengthening regional security and ensuring sustainable development. The resolution particularly reflected the outcomes of the debate in the Security Council on Afghanistan in January 2018, when Kazakhstan chaired the UN Security Council, as well as the regular arrangement of the World Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan. Moreover, the resolution included the results of the international conference dedicated to combating terrorism and extremism, organized in Tajikistan in May 2018. Central Asian countries welcomed an upcoming summit of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea in Turkmenistan. They also supported Uzbekistan’s initiative to hold annual consultative meetings of the Central Asian countries’ leaders. In sum, the resolution has become the Central Asian states’ consolidated response to regional problems and threats, and the challenges stemming from globalization. The region’s consolidation has allowed the Central Asian countries to significantly strengthen their role as independent actors in the international system as well as their capacity of taking responsibility for the region’s present and future. Cornell: Uzbekistan in its politics has changed from the position of the defender to the attacker June 30 of 2018, http://podrobno.uz/cat/politic/komell-uzbekistan-v-svo/ 55 1