Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 52

During the SCO summit in Qingdao in June 2018 the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev said that Uzbekistan supports the construction of the railway lines Mazare Sharif - Herat, China - Kyrgyzstan ― Uzbekistan, and the development of the trans-regional corridors Central Asia-Persian Gulf, North-South and East-West. VII. "China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan". The construction and launch of this transport project have been discussed for many years. The project demonstrates relevance in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization space because China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan are members of this organization and in case of functioning, this transport project, trade and economic relations will increase and expand not only among the project participants, but also among the countries of Central Asia and China. In particular, according to the experts’ estimates, the functioning of the project will allow to: 1) to transport goods to the Eastern Europe countries; 2) to reduce the time of delivery of goods from China and the countries of Central Asia to the countries of Europe and the Middle East; 3) to import Chinese goods to Central Asian countries; 4) to export goods from Uzbekistan to foreign countries. Mazar-e-Sharif-Herat. Uzbekistan borders with Afghanistan are building a special foreign policy with this country. The development of transport relations with Afghanistan and the establishment of new railways in the future will open and provide Central Asia with the shortest access to the ports of the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf and will connect South Asia to the markets of Europe and China. One of the strategic transport facilities connecting Uzbekistan and Afghanistan is the bridge "Friendship" (Dusty Puli), which connects Termez and Hairaton. In Afghanistan, there are about 15 border crossing points, but it was through the checkpoint on the bridge "Friendship" that enters the bulk of imports into the country. In the future, the launch of the Mazar-e- Sharif-Herat transport project with a length of 760 km will contribute to: 1) the increase in the transportation and delivery of cargo from Uzbekistan to the ports of the Persian Gulf; 2) the access of Uzbekistan to the sea through Afghanistan and Pakistan. IX. "Central Asia-Persian Gulf". In April 2016, the Agreement on the Establishment of an International Transport and Transit Corridor (Ashgabat Agreement) entered into force. Ashgabat Agreement was signed between the Governments of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Sultanate of Oman, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan on 25 April 2011. In 2017, within this transport corridor, the Turkmenabad-Farab railway and road bridges through Amu Darya began to function, which made it possible to increase the volume of freight traffic by 2.5 times. According to the experts, functioning of this transport corridor will be the key to prosperity and the development of economic cooperation between the countries of the project, and to the creation of new jobs, construction of new innovative logistics hubs, as well as creating conditions for raising foreign investment. Thus, these transport projects are very relevant for Central Asia, including Uzbekistan. In the context of globalization of the world economy, the development of transport capabilities is one of the important areas of integration processes, the issues of developing new transport and transit corridors, creating conditions for the efficient transportation and handling of Uzbekistan’s cargo in neighboring countries. Today, Uzbekistan is already considering its participation in the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars transport corridor, active work is carried out within the trans-Afghan corridor, China-Kyrgyzstan- Uzbekistan and Central Asia-Persian Gulf. This confirms a keen interest in turning the Central Asian region into crossroads of transport corridors connecting East, West, North and South. 54