Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 37

As the expert on Central Asia E. Lemon noted, the resumption of air transport lines and the simplification of the visa regime will undoubtedly improve the lives of the population of the border areas, and, in particular, favor the economy of Tajikistan 1 . Owing to their launch, it is possible to implement the idea of creating a transport and communication highway on the route "Uzbekistan- Turkmenistan-Caspian Sea-South Caucasus" with access to Baku - Tbilisi-Kars and the black sea ports of Georgia, Turkey, Romania and other States. In addition, after 20 years of negotiations, significant progress has been made in the construction of a railway connecting China and Central Asia through Kyrgyzstan. In the implementation of this project, the delivery time of goods will be reduced by 7-8 days, the length of the route from East Asia to the Middle East and southern Europe-by 900 km. Important agreements on the formation of the trans-Afghan transport corridor along the Mazar-e-Sharif-Herat route were reached during the visit of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in December 2017. The new highway is a continuation of the first railway line "Hairaton- Mazar-e-Sharif" built by Uzbekistan earlier and will provide access to the sea ports of Iran and Pakistan. The strategic importance of the above projects lies in the fact that they can be integrated into an extensive network of transport corridors «One Belt, One Road» and provides access to promising markets in almost all directions, including in the Indian Ocean. In this context, the adoption of the resolution "Strengthening regional and international cooperation in order to ensure peace, stability and sustainable development in the Central Asian region" by the UN General Assembly is essential. At the same time, it should be noted that the draft of this document was developed by Uzbekistan together with neighboring countries of Central Asia. In addition, 55 states co-sponsored the resolution. A new level of political confidence in the region gave a powerful impetus to the development of public diplomacy institutions, cultural ties, and expansion of contacts between border regions, parliamentarians, public organizations and citizens. In this vein, experts note that the problems of Central Asia can be eliminated through increased regional cooperation 2 . According to experts, a new complex of regional security is being formed in Central Asia. In the meantime, the conditionality of the content of regional security by the relations of the states of the region is emphasized. Thus, the expert from Uzbekistan I. Bobokulov notes that regional security is “the awareness of regional States of the unity of their destinies, the commonality of existing threats, problems and interests” 3 . At the same time, with the formation of a new world order, on the one hand, favorable opportunities for regional cooperation are opening up; on the other hand, direct and potential challenges and threats to its implementation are increasing. In these circumstances, the following factors are the main motivators for sustainable development and security in CA. First, maintaining the geopolitical balance in Central Asia is a fundamental condition for ensuring regional security. The peculiarity of external actors in the region is characterized by the existing different levels of correlation of political, economic and military-strategic interests between them. The Central Asian and Caucuses Analyst, October 19, 2016. “Signs of improving relations between Uzbekistan and Tajikistan but tensions remain”, Edward Lemon https://cacianalyst.org/publications/analytical-articles/item/13405-sings-of-improving-relations-between-uzbekistan-and-tajikistan-but- tensions-remain.html 2 Diplomat, September 30, 2017. “Uzbekistan in the Spotlight The center of Central Asia has turned its focus to multilateral regional cooperation”, Catherine Putz https://thediplomat.com/2017/09/uzbekistan-in-the-spotlight/ 3 Центральная Азия и Кавказ. Том 15, выпуск 3, 2012 год. «Центральная Азия как комплекс безопасности: теория и практика». Бобокулов И.И 39 1