Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 36

The pundits say that 2017-2018 will remain in history as the years of the beginning of a new era in the interstate relations of the Central Asian countries. Thanks to the political will and active strategic actions taken by the leaders of these neighboring states, the region has begun to show new signs of political life, and the level of political trust among the countries of Central Asia has increased significantly. Moreover, in a very short period of time, a completely "new political atmosphere" has been created in the region, which contributes to strengthening contacts in all areas and reducing conflict potential in the region. On this occasion, the Vice-President of the American Foreign Policy Council I. Berman notes that the main driving forces of the current changes taking place in the region are "the peaceful transition of power in Uzbekistan in 2016 and the new large-scale economic reforms initiated in the country by the President Sh. Mirziyoyev." Uzbekistan's open, friendly and pragmatic regional policy has contributed to the creation of a fundamentally new situation in Central Asia. The countries of the region have begun to talk less about differences, increasingly focusing on the need to find sound compromises on critical regional issues. Having a common border with all Central Asian States, including Afghanistan, Uzbekistan is objectively interested in turning the region into a zone of stability, sustainable development and good-neighborliness. Economically prosperous and safe Central Asia is an absolute imperative for Tashkent. However, as repeatedly stated by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. Mirziyoyev, the main priority of our foreign policy is Central Asia region, which is associated with the country's national interests. In his speech at the meeting of the UN General Assembly in September 2017, declaring the main directions of modern foreign policy of Uzbekistan, he stressed the strengthening of interstate contacts and initiated the organization of the summit of the Heads of states of Central Asia. Practical confirmation of the priority of the Central Asian direction in the foreign policy of Uzbekistan is the concrete political and diplomatic steps which have already taken towards deepening relations with all countries of the region in all spheres of cooperation. The new regional course of Uzbekistan has become a timely and effective response to the long-overdue issues of regional rapprochement, restoration of trust and mutual understanding, as well as prompts solution of the accumulated problems on the basis of reasonable compromises and taking into account the interests of all parties. A lucid example of this was the first consultative meeting of the heads of state of Central Asia, which was held on March 15 this year in Astana, during which the parties discussed many problematic issues of the regional agenda. Such areas of cooperation as trade and economic, transport and communication, cultural and humanitarian spheres have received a new impetus, and the solution of the issues of delimitation and demarcation of state borders has significantly advanced. In 2017, the trade turnover of Uzbekistan with the countries of the region increased by 20%, and with individual States - by 70%, for the 1th half of 2018 – by 50%. The improvement of trade and economic relations between the countries of Central Asia contributed to the increase of investment attractiveness not only of the country, but also of the region as a whole. In particular, in 2017 alone, Uzbekistan and foreign countries signed more than 200 international agreements, as well as contracts and agreements worth about $ 60 billion. For the first time in 26 years, an Agreement on the state border between Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan was signed, providing for the delimitation of 85% of state borders. Following the visit of the Head of Uzbekistan to Tajikistan in early March this year, the parties approved the Agreement on certain sections of the Uzbek-Tajik state border. 38