Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 30

In this regard t0he Ministry of Preschool Education was established. Given the urgency of raising children from an early age, strengthening the material and technical resource base of this sphere, a network of private kindergartens is being formed in the country. At the same time, they are granted significant benefits. According to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On measures to further stimulate and develop the system of pre-school education” (2018), pre-school educational institutions established on the basis of a public- private partnership, who are free from paying taxes (for 10 years), customs duties (for 2 years). They take land for (for 30 years) their buildings at “zero” cost by the government. These measures will reduce the fees in private kindergartens, specifically for those from low-income families, and expand the coverage of children with pre-school education. A number of innovations have been introduced in the educational system. Responding to the proposals of the general public education, taking into account the wishes of parents, teachers, and pupils, the 11-year general education system restored. At the same time, in order to minimize possible “gaps” in the vocational education of young people, conditions were created for students of 10-11 grades to acquire professional skills. A special curriculum has been developed, in which one day per week is devoted to vocational training. Graduates of the 11 th grade with a certificate will be issued a state document (certificate), giving the right to be employed. Thus, the transition to eleven-year education contributes to the process of mastering the profession. In order to further support the training of high school students, appropriate training facilities have been established at colleges across the country. Today, schoolchildren study more than 50 professions, e.g. a mechanic, a driver, a cook, a pastry chef, a barber, a carpenter, a painter. In turn, vocational colleges are reoriented to educating narrow-profile specialists with special training. The reforms have also affected the higher education system. The changes in this sphere primarily aimed at establishing transparency and social justice during the organization of entrance examination process to expand the enrollment of young people in higher education. In order to implement these tasks, the President of Uzbekistan adopted a Resolution “On Improving the Procedure for Conducting Entrance Tests to the Bachelor of Higher Educational Institutions of the Republic” on October 16, 2017. The normative legal act stipulates that from the 2018-2019 school year, the entrance examinations to higher educational institutions will be held from August 1 to August 15 in allocated spaces. The exam process will be monitored online. The results are scheduled to be published the day after the test. This measure should contribute to ensuring the transparency and openness of the examination process for public, including parents of applicants. Enrollment to universities in the subject area of culture, design, sports, visual and applied art, architecture, music and art history will be conducted through creative exam tasks without any tests. At the same time, the government of Uzbekistan plans of to further expand public access to higher education. The program for integrated development of higher education system for 2017–2021 has been approved with the amount of financial resources about 1.7 trillion sums. By 2021, an increase in the quota of admission to universities by 18% is envisaged. Thus, the reforms being carried out in Uzbekistan in the social sphere, in health care, education and the provision of social support to the low earning segments of population not only preserve the principle of humanism, but also gave effective results. In this case the main guideline is addressing attention to each person, his daily needs and concerns and that is why the ongoing transformations receive recognition and popular support by the population. 32