Мой первый журнал ISRS-Journal-АНГЛ - Page 28

SOCIAL JUSTICE AND WELFARE OF THE PEOPLE ARE THE MAIN PRIORITIES OF THE REFORMS Timur Akhmedov, Head of Department, the Institute for Strategic and Regional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. . Annotation This article analyzes the current social policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan, developed and carried out in the context of ongoing reforms in the country in the field of health care, education, and social support to the poorest segments of population. It was noted that its relevance, focus, and validity on the principles of humanism and social justice. According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), today only 45% of the world's population has access to social protection. At the same time, 29% of the world's population uses comprehensive social security services; 68% of people of retirement age receive elder-age pension. 56% of the world's population is deprived of opportunities of health care, which is especially true for rural residents. These facts indicate that it is vital for each country of the world to address the issues of improving the effective management of the social sphere. International practice shows the conjugacy of a market economy with a set of problems: the differentiation of society, inflation, unemployment, decline of living standards, including the incomes of population. In this context, one of the leading principles of renewal and development of Uzbekistan is based on the implementation of a strong social policy at all stages of transformation. According to this, every year about 60% of the state budget goes to the social sphere: education, health care, social protection of the poor layers of the population, culture. It should be noted, that today there is a need in the transition to move to a qualitatively new level of social policy in order to improve social protection mechanisms. In this regard, social sphere is among the main priority areas of Strategy of Actions. We should note that special emphasis paid on the needs of population, strengthening social justice and increasing the welfare of people, when developing appropriate measures in this direction. A special role in the implementation of these tasks paid to the mechanisms of direct dialogue with the people - the Virtual Reception and the People’s Reception of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Due to this, based on the number of appeals and proposals of citizens, a list of priorities in the social sphere was formed, the distinguishing features of the implementing reforms in the social sphere were identified, implementation mechanisms are defined in three key areas: The first is improvement of living conditions of population, especially low-income people segment. In this direction, measures are being taken to meet the housing needs of the population. In 2018, it is planned to provide about 1.5 thousand apartments for young families, 3 thousand apartments for people with disabilities, 100 apartments for military personnel. In rural areas, more than 20 thousand houses with all the necessary conditions will be built at preferential prices and loans. Compared to previous years, the volume of house construction has increased significantly. For example, this indicator has increased by 20 times compared to 2007, by 3.5 times to 2010, and 2 times to 2014. At the same time, taking into account the needs of population, the criteria for obtaining concessional mortgage loans were updated. According to the new system, a list of individuals with disabilities who need to improve their living conditions has been compiled. 30